ETS Proficiency Profile (EPP)
Excerpted from UMKC ‘Using the ETS® Proficiency Profile to Assess General Education Learning Outcomes: Findings for the 2014-2015 Administration and Five-Year Trend and Comparative Data’
The University of Missouri – Kansas City administers the ETS® Proficiency Profile each year to undergraduate degree-seeking students as part of the university’s assessment of students’ achievement of the university’s general education learning outcomes. The ETS® Proficiency Profile (EPP) is a nationally-normed, multiple-choice test designed to assess students’ abilities in four areas: mathematics, reading, writing, and critical thinking. These learning outcomes are tested within the context of the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences, although the exam does not measure specific content in these areas, as all needed information is contained in the questions.
UMKC administers the abbreviated form of the EPP, which is appropriate for analyzing group data and identifying aggregate achievement of a senior students of the four abilities. (The standard form, which consists of 108 questions, provides detailed information concerning individual student’s performance and the results are used by some institutions for advising purposes.) The abbreviated form of the EPP consists of three exams that are equally distributed among students. Each exam consists of 36 questions measuring college-level skills in reading, writing, critical thinking, and mathematics and takes 40 minutes to complete.
During 2014-15, 1,422 UMKC students who had earned 70 or more credit hours completed the EPP. Of these, 1,297 students (91%) had achieved senior status by completing more than 90 semester hours prior to sitting for the exam. The scores of the senior students (those who had complete >90 semester credit hours) are used in this report. Table 3 below provides the proficiency classification information for UMKC seniors completing the EPP in 2014-15.
Criterion-Referenced Scores of UMKC Senior Students – 2014-15
|Reading, Level 1
|Reading, Level 2
|Writing, Level 1
|Writing, Level 2
|Writing, Level 3
|Mathematics, Level 1
|Mathemtics, Level 2
|Mathematics, Level 3
UMKC General Education Core Learning Outcomes
The UMKC General Education Core curriculum is designed to build students' capacity for intellectual inquiry and discovery, critical reasoning and effective communication. These skills help them become lifelong learners and find success in their chosen fields. The specific learning outcomes that will be achieved through the Core program are:
Students will develop effective written, oral and visual/spatial communication competencies and the ability to communicate with a variety of audiences. They will develop their capacity to interpret information presented in a variety of formats. They will be able to evaluate the context of their messages and use proper form and style to engage audiences using a variety of media. They will demonstrate their critical engagement with audiences through reading, listening, reflecting and responding.
Technology and Information Literacy
Students will demonstrate effective use of research resources and incorporate the information obtained into their academic and creative endeavors. They will demonstrate their ability to locate, evaluate, organize and use research material from a broad range of sources. Students will be able to format and document source material in properly constructed papers, presentations and visual formats.
Scientific Reasoning and Quantitative Analysis
Students will apply principles and methods of science, math, statistics and logic to solve problems and draw logical inferences. They will develop a level of quantitative literacy that enables them to comprehend and evaluate information in a broad range of contexts. Students will understand methods and principles of scientific discovery and their application to all areas of learning, including the natural and social sciences.
Arts and Humanities
Students will develop an understanding of the human condition by exploring the variety of creative works and methods in the humanities, as well as the visual and performing arts. They will be able to explain the historical, cultural and social context of the humanities and fine arts. Students will demonstrate an understanding of the connections between the humanities and other areas of intellectual inquiry.
Interdisciplinary and Innovative Thinking
Students will demonstrate the ability to contextualize information and use the proper methods and theories as modes of understanding. Focusing on specific problems and issues, students will demonstrate the ability to consider new modes of analysis drawn from a range of fields. Students will be able to see and understand how thinking beyond disciplinary boundaries leads to innovation in all fields.
Culture and Diversity
Students will draw on a variety of disciplines to develop an understanding of the complexities of human cultures, past and present, and come to an informed sense of self and others. Students will demonstrate an awareness of a global culture that may include economic, environmental, political and social issues facing all cultures. They will develop an understanding of the factors defining cultural identities.
Human Actions, Values and Ethics
Students will analyze, interpret and/or reconstruct human events, experiences, actions and interactions. Students will understand principles of value and civic duty in a wide range of settings and will demonstrate an understanding of personal values and the values of others. Students will be able to identify ethical problems using their understanding of ethical theory and moral reasoning.
Civic and Community Engagement
Students will be able to identify the problems, challenges and opportunities of an urban university. Students will also understand their relationship to both a local and global community and the social, political and cultural issues therein. They will develop an appreciation for the meaning and global impact of urbanization. They will have an understanding of the U.S. and Missouri Constitutions and their impact on issues facing these various communities. They will engage with the UMKC community of learners.